Renewable energies are progressing in France, but are still far from the targets set for 2030

Renewable energies are progressing in France, but are still far from the targets set for 2030

In 2021, renewable energy accounted for nearly 20% of the country’s gross final energy consumption, according to the Ministry of Ecological transition. The law requires it to reach 33% by the end of the decade.

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Uncertain news for the environment. The share of renewable energy in French energy consumption increased in 2021, according to data published by the Ministry of Ecological Transition on Monday, June 20. Energy sources such as biomass, hydroelectric or wind energy accounted for 19.3% of the gross final consumption of energy, an increase of 10 points compared to 2005.

This development was particularly driven by wind energy, heat pumps and biofuels. Between 2019 and 2021, the share of renewable energy even increased by two points, as the economic recovery stimulated demand in sectors such as transport, industry and the service sector. At the same time, gross final consumption of energy has decreased, at a rate of approximately 0.5% per year.

However, France will have to reach 33% of renewable energy in 2030 to meet the goals of the climate law. With 19% in 2020, the country was the only one in the European Union not to meet the 23% target, resulting from a European directive.

Today solid biomass (especially wood) remains the first renewable energy with 7.1% of final energy consumption, followed by hydraulics (3.4%) and heat pumps (2.4%). Wind energy provides 2.2% of the total and biofuels 2.1%.


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