Heart attack: these 2 drugs increase the risks during the hot season!

Crise cardiaque

The thermometer is close to the again 40 ° C this summer in France. Problems related to high heat are increasing day by day. However, some medications also contribute to these complications. This is the result of a study conducted by German and American researchers in a cardiovascular research journal Nature, August 1, 2022. The beta-blockers and antiplatelet drugs we were taking increase the risk of heart attack during a heat wave. Focus on this study.

A more difficult regulation of body temperature

Kai Chen, assistant professor in the Department of Epidemiology (Environmental Health) at the Yale School of Public Health, is one of the pioneers for conducting this study. According to him, “patients who take these two drugs (aspirin and beta-blockers) have a higher risk (of heart attack). “

After further study on the subject, it find a lead in the thermoregulation of the body.

“We hypothesize that some of the drugs may make it difficult to regulate body temperature,” he points out.

Professor Chen has not completed his investigation these two heart medications. However, he urges all patients who take them to remain alert, especially in these times of intense heat.

2,494 cases of heart attack are listed

After Professor Chen’s work, other researchers he became interested in multiplication cases of heart attack during the hot season. So they found that exposure to cold or heat increased the likelihood of trigger a heart attack in a patient.

They had noted that the risk of heart attack due to the high temperature it increased as soon as a certain threshold was exceeded. 2 to 3 ° C above normal temperature, many patients would have a seizure.

A team of German researchers also looked into it the case of some patients in Augusta (in Germany) between the years 2001 to 2014. In all, these researchers examined the cases of 2494 patients who suffered a heart attack during the hot season (ie between May and September). The study thus revealed the relationship between the treatments followed, exposure to heat and the day of the heart attack.

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A 63 to 75% risk of heart attack

The data collected by these researchers at the Yale School of Public Health supports Professor Chen’s experience. Taking beta-blockers or antiplatelet agents (such as aspirin) would increase the risk of heart attack during hot weather. The complications it concerned all the patients studied, whether young or old.

Researchers achieved a staggering statistic :

  • Taking beta-blockers increased the risk of heart attack to 65%
  • Taking antiplatelet drugs would increase this risk to 63%
  • The simultaneous intake of beta-blockers and antiplatelet agents would increase the risk to 75%.

Should you change your medication in case of a heat wave?

Some medications sometimes make heat-related complications worse. However it is not a reason to stop not to modify or interrupt a treatment personally.

This decision is up to the attending physician who can carry out a specific assessment depending on the patient. It will decide whether to review the effect of some medications depending on the context.

But above all, self-medication is absolutely to be avoided. During a heat wave, even taking medications dispensed without prescriptionmust follow the advice of a doctor.

This is for example the case with aspirin or paracetamol in case of fever or headache. Specialists claim that these two drugs are not as effective during the heat wave. The first risks disturbing the body’s thermoregulation, while the second it loses its effectiveness in case of heatstroke.

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The right measures to take in case of high temperatures

Not just him starting to get hotkeep the right gestures to protect your health.
Take some time to read the instructions for your medications, the user guide for blood glucose meters, or the reagents you use.

Always follow the storage and transport recommendations of your equipment or medical treatment according to the instructions in the manual.

  • Do not take the initiative to modify or discontinue a treatment.
  • Stay hydrated throughout the day and eat enough.
  • Avoid direct exposure to heat and sunlight.
  • Make sure your home maintains as normal a temperature as possible.
  • If in doubt, always seek the advice of your doctor or pharmacist.
Source: Pixabay

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